FUNDAMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY ( FP )
(The nature of PSYCHE)
At all variety and riches of interpretations of memory phenomenon and methodical approaches to it, it is always considered as ability to recollect something about past in the present and only in the present (independently or on an instruction).
It seems expedient to include into this notion ability to recall in the future, in beforehand planned time or under certain circumstances – always independently and in proper time – about a task to recollect something, in particular – recollect about necessity to make something. For example: to not forget to switch off light before leaving.
Ability to recollect in time about necessity to recollect is memory of the second order (this notion is introduced/offered by analogy to mathematical notion of derivative of the second order - as function of function). It is conditionally named as incentive memory. This volitional abilities to execute intention, to not forget about it are connected just with this kind of memory, which is a tool for active structurization of the future activity. Tasks of the incentive memory are especially difficult if they have not definite time anchor: I'll make it later.
The concept of incentive memory could be admitted as a special case of selective memory if this last was not understood limitedly - as selective storing (Ï.Ï. Áëîíñêèé/ P.P.Blonsky [13, p. 538]), but would include in itself also selective recollect/anamnesis.
It seems expedient also to admit an opportunity (existence) of forgetfulness of the second (and higher) order. An example: an oblivious person has written down a list of necessary affairs to itself - and so he secures himself against forgetfulness of the second order, - but has forgotten to look into the list. It is a mistake (forgetfulness) of the third order memory.
Forgetfulness can grow into antimemory or in malicious forgetfulness, in the tendency to distract from something (to block a corresponding contact channel with UDI - see section 2.4), for example from something unpleasant (for example, a child has promised to put toys on theiir place, but has forgotten - really has forgotten, but not has pretended, that has forgotten).
Memory as ability to establish and restore contact channels with UDI, to use them, in particular, for a prediction, which is possible to interpret as memory about the future, is inherent to all alive (more detail about it is in s-n 8.1).